In the wake of the reopening of brick-and-mortar retailers nationwide, business owners have been forced to keep up with the state by state requirements in order to keep their storefronts open to the public. Independent Retailer has curated a list of the regulations in each state, as well as links to official government websites for more updated information, in order to make it easier for retailers to comply with their state. Retailers can also visit nrf.com/coronavirus-retail-restrictions-state for more information on the restrictions.
ChamberofCommerce.org also has a Coronavirus Small Business Issues and Solutions Guide with the top six questions businesses are asking.
Retailers must limit occupancy to no more than 50% of the normal occupancy load as determined by the fire marshal, must enforce social distancing, and shall take reasonable steps to comply with guidelines on sanitation. Face coverings will be worn at all times in public by people over the age of two and who can medically tolerate doing so. Businesses are not required to provide face coverings for employees.
For more information, visit covid19.alabama.gov.
Certain businesses previously closed may begin to reopen subject to restrictions set forth in the Reopen Alaska Responsibly Plan, which can be found on the state’s website. If business cannot follow restrictions, they must remain closed pursuant to previous health mandates.
For more information, visit covid19.alaska.gov/reopen.
Retailers are recommended to maintain social distancing in their stores, operate with reduced occupancy, sanitize surfaces thoroughly, provide options for delivery or curbside pickup, close fitting rooms or other enclosed spaces, implement symptom screening for employees prior to their shift, and offer face masks to both employees and customers to wear.
For more information, visit azgovernor.gov/governor/reopening-guidance.
The Arkansas Department of Health recommends everyone practice social distancing and wear a face mask if you are exposed to non-household members and physical distancing cannot be assured. Face masks are required for certain businesses reopening.
For more information, visit www.healthy.arkansas.gov/programs-services/topics/novel-coronavirus.
There are a total of 58 different counties in California, all with their own regulations. The details for each county can be found on the California government’s website. Once a county appears on the County Monitoring List for three consecutive days, indoor operations in the sectors listed in Section 3 of the July 13th State Health Officer Order must close.
For more information, visit covid19.ca.gov.
Amended order authorizes employers and business owners to deny admittance or service or require the removal of anyone not wearing a face covering. Employers must provide face coverings and gloves, as necessary. The counties in Colorado also have separate regulations for wearing masks.
For more information, visit covid.colorado.gov.
Each employee is required to wear a mask or face covering while in the workplace. Employers shall issue such masks or cloth face coverings to employees. All customers are required to wear cloth face masks while on the premises of any business, and businesses may issue face coverings to customers prior to entry.
For more information, visit portal.ct.gov/coronavirus.
All individuals must wear a face covering. Businesses must provide face coverings as well as hand sanitizer for their employees.
For more information, visit coronavirus.delaware.gov.
District of Columbia
Individuals must wear masks or face coverings when engaging in: essential and minimum basic operations of a business when persons are in the presence of others and essential travel if social distance cannot be maintained.
For more information, visit coronavirus.dc.gov.
There are 67 counties in Florida, each with their own regulations. For the entire state of Florida, retailers should maintain social distancing and sanitation protocols. In-store retail may operate at 50% capacity and abide by safety guidelines issues by CDC and OSHA.
For more information, visit floridahealthcovid19.gov/businesses.
Retail businesses (including grocery stores) must limit the number of patrons inside stores to 50% of capacity. Businesses must follow guidelines regarding social distancing and other industry specific restrictions detailed on the government’s website.
For more information, visit georgia.gov/covid-19-coronavirus-georgia/covid-19-state-services-georgia.
All customers must wear a face covering while waiting to enter and while at a business. All employees who have any contact with customers or goods to be purchased by customers must wear cloth face coverings compliant with CDC recommendations while at work.
For more information, visit governor.hawaii.gov/covid-19.
Residents should wear face coverings while in public, especially when six-foot distancing is not always possible. Employers should identify how masks, face coverings, and gloves may be required by employees depending on the county, as well as maintain social distancing in enclosed areas.
For more information, visit www.labor.idaho.gov/dnn/COVID-19.
All of Illinois is currently in Phase 3 of reopening. All businesses must continue to evaluate who can work from home and encourage remote work, ensure social distancing or that employees wear face coverings where social distancing is not possible, ensure that all spaces where employees may gather allow for social distancing; and ensure that all customers can practice social distancing.
For more information, visit dph.illinois.gov/covid19/governor-pritzkers-executive-orders-and-rules.
Employees at certain businesses are required to wear face coverings such as restaurants, personal service businesses, and fitness centers, while it is only recommended for others. Employees and members of the public must maintain at least 6 feet of distance at all times, or employ other separation measures such as face coverings or use barriers.
For more information, visit www.coronavirus.in.gov.
Cloth face coverings are recommended and everyone is encouraged to social distance while outside of their homes.
For more information, visit coronavirus.iowa.gov/pages/guidance.
Individuals are strongly encouraged to wear cloth masks in public settings and especially when using mass transit. Employees should follow industry-specific guidance on mask use in workplaces.
For more information, visit covid.ks.gov.
Kentucky is in the reopening Phase 2. Businesses must ensure that employees, volunteers and contractors wear a cloth mask and gloves with jobs including touching items often touched by others. Businesses shall provide PPE at no cost to employees, and offer instruction on proper use of PPE. Customers should be encouraged to wear masks.
For more information, visit governor.ky.gov/covid19.
All businesses shall require that any owner or employee interacting or making contact with the public shall wear a face covering.
For more information, visit coronavirus.la.gov.
Businesses accessible to the public shall post readily visible signs notifying customers of the requirement to wear cloth face coverings and may deny entry/service to any person not wearing a face covering.
For more information, visit www.maine.gov/covid19.
Retail establishments shall require staff to wear face coverings while working in areas open to the general public and areas in which interactions with other staff are likely, designate six foot spacing for people in line where any queue is expected to form, sanitize handles of carts and baskets, provide staff and customers with clean restrooms stocked with soap, and post signage at each entrance advising customers about requirement to wear face coverings.
For more information, visit coronavirus.maryland.gov/pages/business-resources.
Everyone is required to wear a face covering — including in a business, outdoors, or on public transportation — if they’re unable to socially distance.
For more information, visit www.mass.gov/info-details/covid-19-updates-and-information#regulations-&-guidance-.
Any individual leaving their place of residence must wear a face covering over the nose and mouth, and employers must require their employees to wear face masks while working. Any store that remains open for in-store sales must establish lines to regulate entry with markings for patrons to enable them to stand at least six feet apart from one another while waiting, allow customers to wait in their cars for a text message or phone call, and limit the number of people in the store (including employees) to 25% of the total occupancy limits.
For more information, visit www.michigan.gov/Coronavirus.
Residents are strongly encouraged to wear face coverings and may be required to in certain settings. All businesses must implement a Preparedness Plan.
For more information, visit mn.gov/covid19/business-orgs/resources/index.jsp.
All employees must wear appropriate PPE based on their duties and responsibilities and in adherence with local guidelines/regulations. Every employee who comes into direct contact with customers shall be provided a face mask and shall be required to wear the face covering while on duty.
For more information, visit governorreeves.ms.gov/covid-19.
State guidelines for reopening include recommendation that employers implement basic infection prevention measures like use of protective equipment. Businesses must abide by social distancing requirements.
For more information, visit dss.mo.gov/covid-19.
The Governor encourages residents of Montana to wear cloth masks or face coverings in public. Businesses must post signs instructing those with symptoms to stay home.
For more information, visit covid19.mt.gov.
Residents are recommended to wear cloth masks in public where they cannot maintain 6 feet of social distance.
For more information, visit dhhs.ne.gov/pages/Coronavirus.aspx.
All employers must require employees who interact with the public to wear face coverings and, to the maximum extent possible, encourage customers to wear face masks.
For more information, visit www.nvhealthresponse.nv.gov/info/business.
Face coverings are required for those working in retail and must be worn at all times when in the facility and in public or shared areas, even when others are not around. Under Executive Order 40, all employers must develop workplace cleaning and disinfection policies for worker protection and provide training to all staff prior to assigning cleaning tasks as well as provide training on cloth face coverings based on CDC guidance.
For more information, visit www.nh.gov/covid19/resources-guidance/businesses.htm.
The Governor orders retailers to limit the number of customers to no more than 50% of their capacity at a time, and all customers and employees must wear some sort of face covering while in the store. Employees must wear gloves when in contact with customers’ goods.
For more information, visit faq.business.nj.gov/en/collections/2198378-information-for-nj-businesses-on-the-coronavirus-outbreak.
Everyone in public places is required to wear masks. Employers must provide employees with face coverings and require their use in the workplace. All businesses are required to train employees on daily cleaning and disinfecting protocol, hygiene, and respiratory etiquette.
For more information, visit www.newmexico.gov/latest-updates.
The Governor requires all individuals over the age of two to cover their nose and mouth with a mask or cloth face-covering when in a public place and unable to maintain a six-foot distance from others. Employers must provide employees with face coverings at no cost to employees.
For more information, visit www1.nyc.gov/site/coronavirus/businesses/businesses-and-nonprofits.page.
Everyone is strongly advised to wear a cloth face covering when leaving the home and inside all public settings. It is recommended that businesses advise employees to wear cloth face coverings and provide workers with face masks.
For more information, visit www.nc.gov/covid19.
Employees and the public should wear face coverings especially in settings where social distancing may be difficult to maintain. Employers should encourage use of cloth face coverings to employees whose duties require close contact with other employees and/or the public.
For more information, visit ndresponse.gov.
As part of re-opening, businesses allowed to re-open must require all employees to wear facial coverings and must allow customers to do so.
For more information, visit coronavirus.ohio.gov/wps/portal/gov/covid-19/home.
As part of reopening, employers are to encourage employees to wear face masks unless they are in a separated workstation or office. Employees who come in contact with the public are encouraged to wear gloves and a mask.
For more information, visit coronavirus.health.ok.gov/resources-recommendations.
Under Mask and Face Covering Guidance for Businesses, retailers must require employees to wear masks. Employers must develop and comply with policies and procedures that provide for accommodations and exemptions from the mask or face covering requirement. These businesses may require customers and visitors to wear face coverings.
For more information, visit govstatus.egov.com/or-covid-19.
Retailers must provide masks for employees to wear during their time at work and make it a mandatory requirement to wear masks while on the work site, except during breaks. Retailers must require all customers to wear masks while on the premises and deny entry to those not wearing masks.
For more information, visit www.governor.pa.gov/covid-19.
Everyone is required to wear a mask or cloth face covering at all times when inside grocery stores, pharmacies, or retail stores.
For more information, visit health.ri.gov/covid.
Reopening guidance for businesses encourages employees to wear masks or cloth face coverings, especially in settings where social distancing is not feasible.
For more information, visit scdhec.gov/infectious-diseases/viruses/coronavirus-disease-2019-covid-19.
It is recommended that everyone wear a cloth face cover when they go out in public.
For more information, visit covid.sd.gov.
Individuals are urged to wear face coverings in public places.
For more information, visit www.tn.gov/governor/covid-19.html.
Individuals are encouraged to wear appropriate face coverings, but no jurisdiction can impose a civil or criminal penalty for failure to wear a face covering. Employers should consider having all employees and contractors wear cloth face coverings.
For more information, visit dshs.texas.gov/coronavirus.
Masks are required for employees of businesses when individuals are unable to socially distance, and for individuals in healthcare settings. Otherwise, masks are strongly recommended. Under Phased Guidelines 4.5, employers should design workplaces to maintain six feet of distance.
For more information, visit coronavirus.utah.gov.
Employees must wear face coverings over their nose and mouth when in the presence of others. In the case of retail cashiers, a translucent shield of sneeze guard is acceptable in lieu of a mask. Businesses may require customers or clients to wear masks.
For more information, visit www.healthvermont.gov/response/coronavirus-covid-19.
Patrons are required to wear face coverings inside retail establishments. All employees of essential retail businesses must wear a face covering when working in customer facing areas.
For more information, visit www.virginia.gov/coronavirus.
All employees must wear a facial covering except when working alone or when the job has no in-person interaction as detailed in the Safe Start Washington Phased Reopening Plan. Employers must also provide cloth facial coverings to employees, unless their exposure dictates a higher level of protection.
For more information, visit coronavirus.wa.gov.
The Governor’s reopening plan encourages individuals to continue wearing face coverings in public where physical distancing measures are difficult to maintain.
For more information, visit dhhr.wv.gov/COVID-19/Pages/default.aspx.
Individuals are strongly advised to use cloth face coverings while in public, and particularly when using mass transit. Workers who have frequent, close contact with customers or other workers may need to wear some combination of a face mask, a face shield and/or goggles.
For more information, visit www.dhs.wisconsin.gov/covid-19/index.htm.
Under reopening order, employees are required to wear face coverings when they may come within six feet of other employees or customers.
For more information, visit covid19.wyo.gov.
Just like the United States, Canada’s provinces have their own regulations regarding COVID-19 and have travel restrictions from one province to another. Information for each province can be found on the Government of Canada’s website, but they encourage all residents to social distance, stay home if they’re ill, wear a face mask, and practice good hygiene.
For more information, visit www.canada.ca/en/public-health/services/diseases/2019-novel-coronavirus-infection/guidance-documents.html.
Everyone is encouraged to wear face masks outside of their houses, maintain at least six feet of distance, and practice regular hygiene and washing their hands.
For more information, visit www.salud.gov.pr/Pages/coronavirus.aspx.